Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

‘Making cash off the indegent stays a business that is booming’ laments Quigley. (Photo: Jeremy Brooks/flickr/cc)

Numerous see families in poverty and look for to simply help. Other people see families in poverty to check out opportunities for revenue.

Listed below are six types of billion buck companies that are constructed on breaking up people that are poor specially folks of color, from their funds, the opposite Robin Hood.

Always Check Cashing Companies

Always Check cashing organizations. Money a $100 check? At Walmart which is $3. At TD bank non-customers spend $5 to cash a check from their bank.

Almost 10 million households containing 25 million people don’t have any banking account in accordance with the FDIC. Many simply because they didn’t have money that is enough keep the very least stability within their account.

Always check cashing company are included in a $100 billion industry in excess of 6,500 check cashing companies in america, numerous which offer cash purchases, household bill re re payments and so on, based on testimony provided to Congress by the industry.

Pawn Stores

A lot more than 30 million individuals utilize pawn store financing services for the typical loan of $150. One business, Cash America, has 84 check cashing facilities and 859 financing places in america, over 260 in Texas alone, extending over $1 billion in pawn loans. Inside their 2014 report that is annual disclose that 30 % of men and women never go back to redeem the product they pawned together with purchase of the things accocunts for over 1 / 2 of the organization profits. The business paid millions in charges in 2013 for overcharging people in the armed services and filing inaccurate court pleadings in numerous of instances. The CEO was handed $6 million in 2014.

Overdraft Costs

Overdraft fees, if you find maybe maybe not sufficient profit the bank checking account or charge card to pay for all acquisitions, is definitely an $11 billion industry for banking institutions, in accordance with the customer Financial Protection Bureau. A recently available ny instances article describes just exactly how banking institutions sometimes charge overdraft costs even though the client has money that is enough their records to pay for the acquisition and had been obligated to spend significantly more than a billion bucks for manipulating your order of acquisitions to optimize the possibilities that their customers will need to spend additional fees.

Pay Day Loans

Payday advances are utilized by people over 15 million times per year and certainly will induce deep financial obligation dilemmas and frequently include amazing percentages as high as 391 per cent in accordance with the customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Pew Charitable Trusts reported spend day loans certainly are a $7 billion buck per year industry. The Federal Trade Commission won a $300 million situation against two payday loan providers who had been deceiving borrowers, whom, as an example, took down a $300 loan reasoning it could possibly be paid back for $390 when in fact the financial institution had been billing $975 to settle the $300 loan. The usa Department of Justice indicted previous competition vehicle motorist Scott Tucker on criminal costs for running a $2 billion nationwide pay day loan procedure which regularly charged interest on loans for more than 4.5 million individuals of 400 to 700 percent each year. The nation’s biggest unsecured guarantor loan business, Advance America, charged almost 140,000 individuals in new york yearly portion prices exceeding 450 % until it absolutely was stopped because of hawaii.

Vehicle Title Loans


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Significantly more than 2 million individuals utilize car name loans each year, having to pay about $3 billion in costs each year, with typical annual portion prices of 300 per cent, in accordance with the Pew Charitable Trusts. The middle for Responsible Lending estimates there are over 7000 organizations which loan money to individuals centered on keeping the name for their automobiles, often charging you as much as 300 per cent yearly interest, that they promote as 25 % each month. The borrower that is average a loan of $951 and takes care of $3,093.

Business collection agencies

Business collection agencies is really a $13 billion buck per year industry using significantly more than 140,000 employees in 6,000 organizations, in accordance with the Consumer Financial Protection that is federal Bureau.

Collectors make a lot more than 1 billion (yes by having a b! ) contacts with customers every year, relating to their industry that is own publication. Twelve million individuals (5.3 % of consumers) have reached minimum 1 month behind on the re payments, based on the Urban Institute. Thirty-five % of most grownups with credit files, 77 million individuals, have actually financial obligation in collection reported in their files. Professional Publica reviewed 5 years of court judgments and discovered the price of judgements was two times as full of mostly black colored areas as it absolutely was in white people.

The customer Financial Protection Bureau has over 74,000 complaints about poor debt collection, its quantity one problem, in accordance with a report that is recent of Alliance for the simply Society.

They are perhaps not companies that are just small big names like Citigroup, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, in reality the Alliance just for Society reported the major organizations with debt collections are making almost $100 million in efforts to federal applicants and events since 2001 and another $280 million on federal lobbyists.

Citibank ended up being sued twice because of the federal CFPB over falsified papers and supplying inaccurate information in financial obligation collections and decided to settle the actual situation.

Your debt collector with all the number that is largest of complaints, Encore Capital Group, focuses on purchasing up debts off their creditors then filing thousands and thousands of legal actions had been obligated to cancel significantly more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers in nyc after it had been faced with filing shoddy legal actions.

JPMorgan Chase paid over $130 million to stay an instance against it brought by lawyer generals from 47 states for improperly gathering debts under what exactly is called robo-signing, where appropriate papers are authorized and filed without the right review. JPMorgan earlier in the day paid $389 million in fines and refunds to credit-card consumers for issues with financial obligation collections.


There is certainly some great news. Democrats created and passed into legislation the customer Financial Protection Bureau that is now just starting to gain some traction in monitoring and managing these predatory techniques. Bad news is the fact that Republicans like Ted Cruz want to destroy it plus some Democrats are attempting to hobble it. There’s also groups that are good the guts for Responsible Lending which offer exemplary informative data on the abuses. However in the meantime earning money off the indegent stays a business that is booming.

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